Acne is a common, chronic disorder that occurs when pores become blocked with oil and dead skin cells, creating an environment in which bacteria can flourish. When blocked pores become infected, the result can be whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, papules, or cysts.
Acne affects men and women alike. It is most prevalent in adolescents and young adults, but it can arise in children and adults of any age.
Some common risk factors for acne include:
- Familial tendency
- Innate immune activation
- Distension and occlusion of the hair follicles
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Drugs (steroids, hormones, anticonvulsants, epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors, and others)
- Application of occlusive cosmetics
- High environmental humidity
- Diet high in dairy products or high glycemic foods.
Acne is a common type of skin concern our clients present with. It is often confined to the face, but it may involve the neck, chest, and back.
The severity of acne symptoms and different skin conditions will determine how you should manage your skin. More severe forms of acne require medical intervention. Skincare and in-clinic treatments can help with maintenance, but you will need to ask your GP or dermatologist about medical treatment options. Possible medical treatments might include a course of antibiotics or a prescription-grade topical.